However, it is useful to make the following distinction: Morality is the system through which we determine right and wrong conduct -- i. Ethics is the philosophical study of Morality. What, then, is a moral theory?
We can move in that direction as a country, in great polarization…filled with hatred toward one another.
Or we can make an effort, as Martin Luther King did, to understand and to comprehend, and to replace that violence, that stain of bloodshed that has spread across our land, with an effort to understand with compassion and love… What we need in the United States is not division ; A supreme moral principle we need in the United States is not hatred; what we need in the United States is not violence or lawlessness; but love and wisdom, and compassion toward one another, and a feeling of justice toward those who still suffer within our country, whether they be white or they be black….
Kennedy on the assassination of Martin Luther King, Jr. The room erupted in cheers.
It was April 4, Then again, as hard it is to believe it today, there was rejoicing all across the country on that dark day that this man—a black activist—a troublemaker—an extremist—had been silenced for good.
Despite having been awarded the Nobel Peace Prize, graced countless magazine covers, and consorted with movers and shakers throughout the country, King was not a popular man by the time of his death. In fact, a Gallup poll found that almost two-thirds of Americans disapproved of King.
As a nation, we have a tendency to sentimentalize cultural icons in death in a way that renders them non-threatening, antiseptic and easily digested by a society with an acute intolerance for anything controversial, politically incorrect or marred by imperfection.
This revisionist history—a silent censorship of sorts—has proven to be a far more effective means of neutralizing radicals such as Martin Luther King Jr.
This was a man who went to jail over racial segregation laws, encouraged young children to face down police dogs and water hoses, and who urged people to turn their anger loose on the government through civil disobedience. King called for Americans to rise up against a government that was not only treating blacks unfairly but was also killing innocent civilians, impoverishing millions, and prioritizing the profits of war over human rights and dignity.
King actually insisted that people have a moral responsibility to disobey unjust laws.
This is not a message that the government wants us to heed. No, the government wants us distracted, divided, warring against each other and helpless to free ourselves from a lifetime of bondage and servitude to the powers-that-be.
In life, King was fiery, passionate, single-minded in his pursuit of justice, unwilling to remain silent in the face of wrongdoing, and unafraid of offending those who might disagree with him. In death, King has been reduced to a lifeless face on a stone monument: In fact, the evils of racism, extreme materialism, and militarism have got us in a death grip.
America is still waging endless wars abroad, prioritizing profit margins over principle, and adopting institutionalized racist policies that result in a disproportionate number of people of color being stopped, searched, raided, arrested, thrown in jail, and shot and killed by government agents.
Fifty years later, we are repeating the mistakes of We have compounded those evils with ignorance, intolerance and fear. Callousness, cruelty, meanness, immorality, ignorance, hatred, intolerance and injustice have become hallmarks of our modern age, magnified by an echo chamber of nasty tweets and government-sanctioned brutality.
Donald Trump is, in many ways, the embodiment of this culture of meanness. Not only are these groups profoundly different from you, they are also, covertly, somehow less: This sense of otherness is the single most pernicious force in American discourse.
Its not-like-us ethos makes so much bigotry possible: It divides the country as surely as the Mason-Dixon line once did. And it makes for mean-spirited and punitive politics and social policy.
This is more than meanness, however. This is the mindset adopted by the architects of the American police state. This is a psychopathic mindset at work. Political psychopaths are running the show and have been for the past 50 years or more.
Such leaders eventually create pathocracies—totalitarian societies bent on power, control, and destruction of both freedom in general and those who exercise their freedoms.
This is typical of psychopathic systemsand very similar things happened in the Soviet Union as it overextended and collapsed. Instead, what we are experiencing is a pathocracy: It can spread like a virus among the populace.
It flourishes because they actively identify with those who promote vicious acts as virtuous. This realization hit me full-force recently. I had stopped into a bookstore and was struck by all of the books on Hitler, everywhere I turned.Your Right of Defense Against Unlawful Arrest “Citizens may resist unlawful arrest to the point of taking an arresting officer's life if necessary.”Plummer v.
State, Ind. This premise was upheld by the Supreme Court of the United States in the case: John Bad Elk v.
U.S., U.S. The Court stated: “Where the officer is killed in the . 1. The Concepts of Beneficence and Benevolence. The term beneficence connotes acts of mercy, kindness, and charity.
It is suggestive of altruism, love, humanity, and promoting the good of others. In ordinary language, the notion is broad, but it is understood even more broadly in ethical theory to include effectively all forms of action intended to .
Section 6, sub-s. 3 of the Bill provided that treating a person aged 65 or over, or a person aged under 18, more or less favourably than another, whatever that other person's age, shall not be regarded as discrimination on the age ground.
Moral universalism (also called moral objectivism) is the meta-ethical position that some system of ethics, or a universal ethic, applies universally, that is, for "all similarly situated individuals", regardless of culture, race, sex, religion, nationality, sexual orientation, or any other distinguishing feature.
Moral universalism is opposed to moral nihilism and moral . Forthcoming: Laurence D.
Houlgate, ed. Family Values: Issues in Ethics, Society and the Family Belmont, California: Wadsworth Parenthood: Three Concepts and a Principle. William Ruddick, New York University. Summary. Disputes about pediatric, educational, and other child-related matters may reflect more general concepts of .
That there is a supreme principle of morality, however, does not mean that there cannot be moral questions that are difficult to decide in practice, or that there must be an easy resolution to all moral conflicts and dilemmas.