History[ edit ] Article Two of the United States Constitution originally established the method of presidential elections, including the Electoral College.
BreckinridgeDemocrat Stephen A.
Douglasand Constitutional Union candidate John Bell. The conventions Following on the heels of the Dred Scott decision ofin which the U. Supreme Court voided the Missouri Compromisethus making slavery legal in all U. Unable to nominate a candidate Sen.
Breckinridge, the sitting vice president of the United States. Trying to unite Northern and Southern Democrats, the convention then turned for vice president first to Sen. Benjamin Fitzpatrick of Alabama, who declined nomination, and eventually to Herschel V. Johnson, a former U. Disaffected Democrats, largely Southerners, then nominated Breckinridge, with Sen.
Joseph Lane of Oregon as his running mate. Both Douglas and Breckinridge claimed to be the official Democratic candidates.
Library of Congress, Washington, D. The Republican convention was held in Chicago on May 16— The party, which had formed only in the s, was largely opposed to the extension of slavery in the U.
Though many party members favoured the total abolition of slavery, the party pragmatically did not call for abolition in those states that already had slavery. Entering the convention, Sen.
Seward of New York was considered the favourite for the nomination, and on the first ballot he led Abraham Lincoln, who had been defeated in Illinois in for the U. Senate by Douglas, as well as a host of other candidates. On a second ballot the gap between Seward and Lincoln narrowed, and Lincoln was subsequently nominated on the third ballot.
Abraham Lincoln, photograph by Mathew Brady. Election poster, campaign of Abraham Lincoln and Hannibal Hamlin,lithograph. Trying to transcend the sectional divide was the Constitutional Union Partywhich was formed in by former Whigs and members of the Know-Nothing Party.
The Constitutional Unionists nominated former senators John Bell of Tennessee and Edward Everett of Massachusetts as their presidential and vice presidential nominees, respectively. The campaign After his nomination, Lincoln put aside his law practice and ran a stay-at-home campaign, in which he made no stump speeches, though he did give full time to the direction of his campaign.
Breckinridge also did little campaigning, giving only one speech. Douglas, however, was an active campaigner, in both the North and the South, where he gave a passionate defense of the Union and strenuously opposed secession.
Still, much of the campaigning that did follow consisted of parades and rallies that boosted interest in the election on election day some four-fifths of eligible voters turned out. Cartoon from the presidential election showing three of the candidates— left to right Republican Abraham Lincoln, Democrat Stephen A.
Douglas, and Southern Democrat John C. Breckinridge—tearing the country apart, while the Constitutional Union candidate, John Bell, applies glue from a tiny, useless pot.
On election day Lincoln captured slightly less than 40 percent of the vote, but he won a majority in the electoral collegewith electoral votes, by sweeping the North with the exception of New Jerseywhich he split with Douglas and also winning the Pacific Coast states of California and Oregon.
Breckinridge, with 18 percent of the national vote, garnered 72 electoral votes, winning most of the states in the South as well as Delaware and Maryland. Bell, who won The results in the South are instructive in understanding the deep sectional divide.
Lincoln did not win any votes in any state that would form the Confederacywith the exception of Virginia, where he garnered only 1 percent of the total vote Douglas won slightly less than 10 percent.
After the Democratic and Republican parties became the major parties in a largely two-party system. In federal elections from the s to the s, the parties were in rough balance—except in the South, which became solidly Democratic.
The two parties controlled Congress for almost equal periods, though the Democrats held the presidency only during the two terms of Grover Cleveland —89 and —The Presidential Election of Introduction Like the whole political climate of the United States during the mid-nineteenth century, sectional conflict and states rights fueled the Presidential election of Aug 21, · Born of humble origins in New York State, Millard Fillmore () became a lawyer and won election to the U.S.
House of Representatives for the first . Faculty Publications, Department of History History, Department of Introduction to ETHNIC VOTERS AND THE ELECTION OF LINCOLN Frederick C.
Luebke University of Nebraska-Lincoln, [email protected] voters in the presidential election of First, it gathers to. The presidential election of revealed the strength of the new Republican Party What was the result of Preston Brooks's caning of Massachusetts senator Charles Sumner in .
Order Number A rhetorical analysis of selected Republican speeches in the presidential election campaign Webster, Linda Jean, Ph.D. Check your understanding of the presidential election of with an interactive quiz and printable worksheet.
The introduction of slavery as a .