Visit Website Events of the following year prompted American leaders to adopt a more militaristic stance toward the Soviets. In Februarya coup sponsored by the Soviet Union overthrew the democratic government of Czechoslovakia and brought that nation firmly into the Communist camp. Within a few days, U.
On the surface some similarities exist. Russian jets buzz U. Tensions are clearly rising. Nevertheless, the current situation misses several elements of the Cold War — and provided both sides act wisely, Cold War Two need never arise.
First, current American-Russian competition does not possess the same ideological component that existed during the Cold War. While Soviet communism ultimately proved to be a bankrupt ideology, for nearly 45 years following World War Two a genuine battle of ideas raged between Moscow and the West.
While the United States and Europe emphasized the primacy of democracy, free markets and individual rights, Soviet ideology promoted economic equality and prioritized the collective and the state over the individual. From the Soviet perspective, communism offered a genuine alternative for structuring a society — beliefs Communist leaders did not hesitate to enforce by the most murderous means.
Contemporary Russia possesses its own version of capitalism — albeit one skewed by corruption and oligarchic control of key assets — and Moscow offers the world no overarching message for how to organize a society.
Current Russian-American tensions also lack the global component which existed during the Cold War. From Angola to Nicaragua and Vietnam to Afghanistan, Washington and Moscow faced off in a series of proxy wars and competitions.
Although contemporary Russia did return to the Middle East with its deployment of military forces to Syria, the most serious current tension between Washington and Moscow largely centers on Europe — and even then lacks the millions of troops on hair trigger alert each side possessed during the Cold War.
Additionally, the economic imbalance between Russia and the United States is far greater than that which existed during the Cold War. InSoviet leader Nikita Khrushchev boasted that within 20 years the Soviet standard of living would exceed that of any capitalist country.
From the early s through the Soviet economy grew faster than the U. Moreover, the Russian economy remains in deep recession, with predictions of ongoing decline or stagnation lasting several years. The heavily natural resources-based Russian economy remains hobbled by corruption, while the U.
The Soviets possessed three times the number of tanks, anti-tank weapons and artillery pieces, plus more than double the number of armored personnel carriers.
To support these ground forces, the Soviets could bring more than 7, combat aircraft to bear against barely 3, for NATO.
While the Russians could certainly sustain some initial successes in places like the Baltics, the Russian military of today is nothing like the fearsome machine the West confronted during the Cold War. Clearly, the conditions that made the Cold War what it was do not exist today, largely because Russia possesses a fraction of the power the former Soviet Union did.
Nevertheless, the risk of Western-Russian tensions spiraling into an outright military clash is very real - in many ways just as real as during the Cold War.Russia by comparison has , troops near its European border alone, plus approximately aircraft, 1, tanks, and large numbers of heavy mechanized equipment, according to an International.
Newsweek speaks to several leading Cold War historians about the current conflict between America and Russia. Soviet Union vs. Russia. Both the Soviet Union and Russia are informal names attributed to longer and more formal labels.
“Soviet Union” was a term used as an alternative for the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics, while Russia can pertain to different things; specific geographical location, country, government, and people. In this speech, he enunciated the Truman Doctrine that would serve to justify the U.S.
Cold War policy of containment. This doctrine described the U.S. policy of supporting free peoples who resisted subjugation from armed minorities or outside pressures.
The cold war would become the great engine, the supreme catalyst, that sent rockets and their cargoes far above Earth and worlds away. If Tsiolkovsky, Oberth, Goddard, and others were the fathers of rocketry, the competition between capitalism and communism was its midwife. The rising tensions between Russia and the West, especially the United States, over Ukraine provide a constant reminder of the Cold War, when the two superpowers fought proxy conflicts for spheres.