Garment industry

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Garment industry

Bangladesh was expected to suffer the most from the ending of the MFA, as it was expected to face more competition, particularly from China. However, this was not the case. However, this act was temporarily suspended for Bangladesh by President Obama after the Rana Plaza collapse in Of the millions of wage earning children in Bangladesh inalmost all of them worked in the ready-made garment industry.

This number may have been as high as 15 million children. One study estimated that there wereworkers in the industry. Estimates from the World Bank put the number of female workers in the industry in the s at 50,; that number was brought up to 2.

This has given women the chance to be financially independent and have a voice in the family because now they contribute financially. Most women come from low income families. Low wage of women workers and their compliance have enabled the industry to compete with the world market.

Women are paid far less than men mainly due to their lack of education.

Production System in Garment Industry - Clothing Industry

But, pressure from buyers to abide by labor codes has enabled factories to maintain satisfactory working conditions. The firsts protests broke out inand since then, there have been periodic protests by the workers.

Many textile factories in Bangladesh often compromise worker health and safety because of the tough pressure from the ordering companies to make tight deadlines. Management will often push workers in order to ensure that an order is fulfilled. This poses a problem as workers have almost no avenues with which to file a complaint.

Almost none of the factories have any sort of human resources department and local officials often turn a blind eye to violations. Without any structure like a formalized union, many lack the ability to speak of injustices either from lack of knowledge or fear of losing economic security.

The scenario becomes worse when it comes to women workers.

Garment industry

The female workers are exposed to different occupational health hazards such as work environment hazards, physical hazards and mental hazards. The work environment hazards include long working hours, absence of leave facilities, congested and overcrowded working conditions, absence of health facilities and safety measures, absence of staff amenities, lack of safe drinking water.

On the other hand, the physical hazards include exposures to toxic agents, awkward postures and repetitive motion. Exposure to sexual, verbal and psychological harassment and violence at their work places are the some of the common mental health hazards. These complaints are related to highly repetitive movements, awkward postures in seated positions, repetitive hand and arm movements, prolonged working hours without adequate breaks and poorly designed work stations.

These risk factors result in adverse health outcomes of the workers such as musculoskeletal complaints of neck, back, hands, shoulders and lower limbs. This results in strain on the neck and back, and eventually to pain.

The flattened lumbar spine may cause back fatigue, disc degeneration and back injuries. Sarder and colleagues found that seats in garment factories were devoid of a backrest, which would allow intermittent short breaks for resting the upper body from bending.

Moreover, workers experience excessive hand work that involves gripping and pinching with the arm in constrained postures which causes wrist pain.

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Sewing machine operators are involve in highly repetitive movements of the elbows and wrists. Minimizing ergonomic risk factors through ergonomic intervention for workers is often neglected in many of the countries. Thus, there are high rate of musculoskeletal symptoms in different body parts among sewing machine operators which points out for proper interventions.

The workers should be educated about the significance of postures on their health so that they do not neglect the instructions. The following recommendations can be implemented as solutions to reduce burden of musculoskeletal disorders among worker in the garment industries: Even though there are labor laws maintaining occupational health and safety, the overall standards are low due to the laxity of labor laws enforcement, and the owners not taking responsibility for maintaining and optimizing working conditions.Clothing manufacturers in Los Angeles fear the “Made in L.A.” label is under threat from a new law set to boost the city’s minimum wage to $15 an hour by The Ultimate Medicine.

For over 20 years at The Hempest, we have educated the consumer about the Sore Losers. The Hempest, along with many others, worked long and hard for our victories in .

WELCOME Vietnam Hanoi Textile & Garment Industry Expo (HanoiTex) is organized by CP Exhibition Hong Kong. OVERVIEW OF THE EVENT. India International Garment Fair is a specialized bi-annual fair, autumn/winter & spring/summer, which takes place in the month of January & July every year and has been extensively globally recognized as one of the leading fairs for the Indian Garment Export Industry.

Get easy access to current news on Textile industry, Textile business updates,Fashion news, and Fabric manufactures for in-depth analysis of latest trends in Textile sector. Of the millions of wage earning children in Bangladesh in , almost all of them worked in the ready-made garment industry.

Based on the Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics Labor Force Survey estimated there were about million to year-old children engaged in child timberdesignmag.com number may have been as high as 15 million children.

In employers in Bangladesh' ready-made garment (RMG.

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