A Science Fiction Story-Game This two-part thesis project is comprised of an analytical portion and a creative portion.
Major areas studied include broad population dynamics; fertility and family dynamics; health, aging, and mortality; and human capital and labor markets. Researchers in population studies also focus on methodology. Population studies is an interdisciplinary area of study; scholars from demography, epidemiology, sociology, economics, anthropology, and various other disciplines study populations.
Various associations and centers exist throughout the United States and elsewhere. The Population Association of America, established inis a scientific, professional organization established to promote the improvement, advancement, and progress through research of problems related to human populations.
Demographers deal with the collection, presentation, and analysis of data relating to the basic life-cycle events and experiences of people: They also examine compositions of populations by sex, age, race, ethnicity, occupation, education, religion, marital status, and living arrangements.
Demographers further assess the distribution of populations by region, country, province or state, urban or rural area, and by neighborhood.
Most demographic data come from population censuses, vital registration systems, national registers, and surveys. Demographers use a variety of counts, rates, ratios, and other statistics to measure fertility, mortality, migration, and other population dynamics.
The crude birth rate is the annual number of live births per thousand people; the general fertility rate is the annual number of live births per thousand women of childbearing age.
The crude death rate is the total number of deaths per thousand people; the mortality rate is the number of deaths in some population, scaled to the size of that population, per unit of time. The morbidity rate refers to the number of people who have a disease compared to the total number of people in a population.
The infant mortality rate is the annual number of deaths of children less than one year old per thousand live births.
Life expectancy is defined as the number of years that an individual at a given age can expect to live at present mortality levels.
For example, in the average life expectancy at birth in the United States was seventy-seven years. The crude death rate, applied to a whole population, can be misleading.
For example, the number of deaths per thousand people can be higher for developed nations than for less-developed countries, despite standards of health being better in developed countries.
This is because developed countries have relatively older people, who are more likely to die in a given year, so that the overall mortality rate can be higher even if the mortality rate at any given age is lower. A more complete picture of mortality and life expectancy is given by a life table that summarizes mortality separately at each age.
A life table is a table that shows, for a given person at a given age, what the probability is that the person dies before his or her next birthday. Life tables are usually constructed separately for men and for women because of their different mortality rates.
Other characteristics can also be used to distinguish different risks, such as health behaviors and socioeconomic position. As the world population doubled from three to six billion, researchers in population studies have been examining shifts in population dynamics.
Overpopulation occurs when the population of a living species exceeds the carrying capacity of its ecological niche. At the end of the eighteenth century, economist Thomas Malthus — concluded that, if unchecked, populations would be subject to exponential growth.
He feared that population growth would surpass growth in food production, leading to ever increasing famine and poverty. On a global scale, however, food production has grown faster than population. Future population growth is difficult to predict.
Birth rates are declining on average, but vary greatly between developed countries where birth rates are often at or below replacement levels and developing countries. Death rates can change unexpectedly due to disease, wars and catastrophes, or advances in medicine. Researchers in population studies are also interested in the impact of migration on population dynamics.
Migration is the geographic movement of people across a specified boundary. For instance, in the United States, suburban areas are growing more rapidly than central cities.
Immigration refers to moves between countries. Immigration is one of the defining characteristics of twentieth-century America; one of the most important changes for the U.
Fertility, the number of births for an individual or population, is distinguished from fecundity, the physiological ability of individuals or couples to have children.
The average fertility rate for the United States in was 2. Women also vary considerably in when and how many children they will have depending upon age, race, income, religion, and many other social, economic, and cultural factors. A disease is broadly defined as an abnormal condition of the body or mind that causes discomfort, dysfunction, or distress to the afflicted person.Nov 20, · Geography Dissertation Topics We have provided the selection of example geography dissertation topics below to help and inspire you.
reviews of literature and computer modelling and asks whether, for such studies, the mixed method approach favoured by social scientists, remains the best vehicle for such research. (). ‘Breaking out.
Eckert GJ () Population studies on Labrid fishes on the Southern Great Barrier Reef. PhD thesis, Sydney University Google Scholar GBRMPA () Great Barrier Reef Marine Park Authority workshop on reef fish assessment and monitoring.
Population sampling is the process of taking a subset of subjects that is representative of the entire population. The sample must have sufficient size to warrant statistical analysis.
Thesis Advisor, CSU, Chico Graduate Studies A big part of the master’s thesis is the student’s research design, or methodology. Carson Medley identifies, explains, and presents the rational for each design/methodology type: quantitative, qualitative, and mixed methods. The overall aim of this thesis was to investigate epidemiological and health economic aspects of dementia and drug use in older people, through economic modelling and analyses of population-based studies.
The major findings from the separate studies are summarized below. Cross-sectional Studies E R I C N O T E B O O K S E R I E S Like cohort studies, cross-sectional studies conceptually begin with a population base. But unlike cohort studies, in cross-sectional studies we do not follow individuals over time.
Instead, we only look at the.